Companion gardening

Guest blog from Craving Fresh
 
Today’s post is super special it’s an amazing guest post about companion gardening. I read this post last week on Emma’s blog Craving Fresh and just had to have it on my own blog to share with you all. Emma is a fellow ecomom and knows heaps about gardening.
I’ve only started gardening in March of this year so am a total noob and need all the help I can get. Enjoy Emma’s fantastic insight and knowledge, also pop on over to her blog for more fantastic gardening tips and super yummy recipes. Enjoy.
Hi Ecochickers, I’m so happy to be visiting you here today surrounded by photos of Madeleine’s beautiful garden. When I started gardening six years ago, I didn’t have a clue what I was doing. I just planted things willy nilly and watched to see what would happen.
Image from Wing-It Vegan
One of my gardening buddies mentioned that tomatoes do well planted with basil, so I tucked that tidbit away for future reference. Then my world was completely rocked (it doesn’t take much) when I read in Xanthe White’s Organic Vegetable Gardening that most plants have buddies they like to be paired with.
The official term for it is companion planting, where one plant helps another in any of three ways:
1. By deterring the pests that might attack it.
2. By attracting beneficial insects.
3. By providing the nutrients it needs.
Knowing which plants grow best together can help any type of gardener, but it’s especially useful for organic gardeners because we don’t use pesticides and synthetic fertilisers to do these things for us. 
Xanthe did a fabulous job of researching companion plants for her book, and I found myself referring to it each year to make my garden plan. It was a bit time-consuming though, flicking back and forth between the pages and I thought to myself, “There’s got to be a better way.” I give you that way.
It’s a companion planting A-Z based on Xanthe’s book and I’m in love with it. I hope you find it useful too.
Asparagus
Likes: Basil
Helps: Tomatoes
Beetroot
Likes: Onions, chives, dwarf beans.
Dislikes: Runner and climbing beans.
Beans
Like: Carrots, cauliflowers, cucumbers, strawberries.
Dislike: Onions.
Help: Cabbages, cucumbers, strawberries, corn, potatoes.
Harm: Beetroot, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbages.
Bok choi
Likes: Celery, dill, chamomile, sage, peppermint, rosemary, onions and potatoes.
Thyme and hyssop will help repel the white cabbage butterfly.
Harms: Radishes, strawberries, tomatoes.
Broad beans
Like: Carrots, cauliflower, beetroot, corn (broad beans can be grown up corn stalks)
Help: Cucumber, cabbages.
Dislike: Onions and garlic.
Broccoli
Likes: Potatoes, beets, onions, pyrethrum, peppermint and rosemary.
Dislikes: Tomatoes, beans, strawberries.
Harms: Radishes, strawberries, tomatoes.
Brussels sprouts
Like: Dill, celery, chamomile, sage, peppermint, rosemary, potatoes, beets, onions, nasturtium, marigolds, pyrethrum.
Dislike: Strawberries, beans, tomatoes.
Harm: Radishes, strawberries, tomatoes.
Cabbages
Like: Queen Anne’s lace, lovage, carrots, alyssum, thyme, rosemary, onion, sage, peppermint, chamomile, potato, marigolds.
Dislike: Strawberries, tomatoes, pole beans.
Help: Potatoes.
Harm: Radishes, strawberries, tomatoes.
Carrots
Like: Onions, chives, black salsify and rosemary (which all deter carrot fly), plus carrots grow well with tomatoes, lettuces and radishes.
Help: Peas, leeks.
Dislike: Dill.
Cauliflower
Likes: Celery.
Dislikes: Strawberries, tomatoes.
Harms: Radishes, strawberries, tomatoes.
Celery
Likes: Leeks, tomatoes, cauliflower, cabbage, bush beans.
Corn
Likes: Potatoes, peas, beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash, broad beans, sunflowers.
Helps: Melon, squash, pumpkins, cucumbers, potatoes.
Dislikes: Tomatoes.
Cucumbers
Like: Beans, peas, radishes, sunflowers.
Dislike: Potatoes, aromatic herbs.
Help: Lettuce
Eggplants (aubergines)
Help: Potatoes
Garlic
Helps: Most plants as it deters many insects that blight the vegetable garden.
Harms: Beans (it inhibits their growth).
Jerusalem artichokes
Like: Sweetcorn.
Kumara
No recommended companions.
Leeks
Like: Marigolds, celery, carrots.
Lettuces
Like: Strawberries, cucumbers, carrots, radishes and onions
Mesclun lettuce
Likes: Almost everything
Harms: Beetroot
Onions
Like: All brassicas, beets, strawberries, tomatoes, lettuces, summer savory, chamomile.
Dislike: Peas and beans.
Help: Parsnips, shallots, carrots, brassicas, tomatoes.
Parsnips
Like: Onion, peppermint, rosemary.
Peas
Like:
 Carrots, turnips.
Dislike: Onions, garlic.
Help: Turnips.
Peppers
Like: Basil
Potatoes
Like:
 Horseradish, beans, corn, cabbage, marigold, eggplant, hemp, nasturtium.
Dislike: Tomatoes, pumpkin, squash, cucumber, raspberry, sunflowers.
Harm: Pumpkins, cucumber, tomatoes.
Pumpkins (squash)
Like: Corn.
Dislike: Potatoes.
Radishes
Like: Nasturtiums, leaf mustard
Dislike: Brassicas.
Help: Cucumbers, squash, tomatoes, melons, zucchini, beans, lettuce, kohlrabi.
Shallots
Like: Onions, garlic.
Dislike: Peas, beans.
Silverbeet/ Swiss chard
Likes: Strawberries.
Spinach
No recommended companion plants for spinach.
Spring onions
Help: all plants by repelling pests.
Strawberries
Like: Borage, beans, onion, garlic.
Dislike: Brassicas.
Help: Lettuces
Tomatoes
Like: Basil, chives, onion, parsley, garlic, marigolds, nasturtium, carrots.
Dislike: Potatoes, corn, brassicas.
Turnips
Like: Rhubarb leaves or French or African marigolds dug into the soil to deter nematodes.
Help: Peas.
Zucchini
Likes: Radishes.

Note: For a better understanding of why, when and where to plant your vegetables, you’re best to refer to Xanthe White’s Organic Vegetable Gardening.

Thank you so much Emma for this really helpful post. I know I will be referring to it often. 

2 thoughts on “Companion gardening

  1. October 6, 2011 at 8:18 pm

    Bookmarking this for planning my garden next year! Thank you for Linking up to Your Green Resource!

  2. October 7, 2011 at 8:33 am

    Thanks. I agree isn’t it a great post that’s why I just HAD to have it on my blog too! Now before I plant anything I check this post out first.

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